Certain gadgets are expected to be carried in every vehicle at all times to meet the requirements of the law. These include:
Warning triangle (c-caution)
First Aid kit
Spare fan belt
A. Warning Triangle: To warn motorists that there is a break down.
B. Fire Extinguisher: There are two types of fire extinguishers: Dry powder-80F Liquid gas, which each vehicle is expected to carry with required number of units and sizes.
|Articulated||2 units||9 kg|
|Lorries||2 units||6 kg|
|Luxury buses||2 units||6 kg|
|Medium buses||1 unit||2 kg|
|Light goods Vans||1 unit||1 kg|
|Taxis||1 unit||1 kg|
|Cars||1 unit||1 kg|
How to use a Fire Extinguisher:
- Pull: Pull the pin, this will break the tamper seal.
- Aim: Aim low, pointing the nozzle or hose at the base of the fire. Do not touch the horn on a CO2 extinguisher, it gets very cold and can damage the skin.
- Squeeze: Squeeze the handle to release the extinguishing agent.
- Sweep: Sweep from side to side at the base of the fire, the fuel source, until the fire is out.
C. First Aid Kits: The basic knowledge of first aid is among the most useful skills you can have as a driver.
A First Aid kit should contain the following items:
Pair of scissors
Plasters/dressing for wounds
Latex gloves / Facial mask
Note that some of these items are consumables therefore, there is need to constantly check and replenish them. Pay attention to items with expiring dates.
D. Spare tyre: A vehicle must always have a spare tyre.
Ensure that the pressure on all tyres including the spare is at maximum stability and road-holding. Under inflated tyres cause tyre burst and over inflated tyre wears rapidly at the centre of thread. This can cause damage to tyre casing.
E. Jack: the gadget enables you to change your tyre when you need to.
F. Wheel spanner: this is used along with the jack to unscrew wheel nuts and tighten them as the need arises.